Scale Theory Chart

Here is how the most common scales are constructed:

Name

Note 1

Note 2

Note 3

Note 4

Note 5

Note 6

Note 7

Note 8

Blues

R

b3

4

b5

5

b7

 

 

Ionian

R

2

3

4

5

6

7

 

Dorian

R

2

b3

4

5

6

b7

 

Phrygian

R

b2

b3

4

5

b6

b7

 

Lydian

R

2

3

#4

5

6

7

 

Mixolydian

R

2

3

4

5

6

b7

 

Aeolian

R

2

b3

4

5

b6

b7

 

Locrian

R

b2

b3

4

b5

b6

b7

 

Diminished (H-W)

R

b2

b3

3

#4

5

6

b7

Diminished (W-H)

R

2

b3

4

b5

#5

6

7

Whole Tone

R

2

3

b5

b6

b7

 

 

Melodic Minor

R

2

b3

4

5

6

7

 

Dorian b2

R

b2

b3

4

5

6

b7

 

Lydian Aug

R

2

3

#4

#5

6

7

 

Lydian b7

R

2

3

#4

5

6

b7

 

Mixolydian b6

R

2

3

4

5

b6

b7

 

Locrian 2

R

2

b3

4

b5

b6

b7

 

Altered

R

b2

b3

3

b5

b6

b7

 

Harmonic Minor

R

2

b3

4

5

b6

7

 

Locrian 6

R

b2

b3

4

b5

6

b7

 

Ionian Aug

R

2

3

4

#5

6

7

 

Dorian #4

R

2

b3

#4

5

6

b7

 

Phrygian Major

R

b2

3

4

5

b6

b7

 

Lydian #9

R

b3

3

#4

5

6

7

 

Altered bb7

R

b2

b3

3

b5

b6

6

 

Pentatonic Major

R

2

3

5

6

 

 

 

Pentatonic Minor

R

b3

4

5

b7

 

 

 

Augmented

R

R

3

5

#5

7

 

 

Arabian

R

2

3

4

b5

b6

b7

 

Balinese

R

b2

b3

5

b6

 

 

 

Byzantine

R

b2

3

4

5

b6

7

 

Chinese

R

3

#4

5

7

 

 

 

Chinese Mongolian

R

2

3

5

6

 

 

 

Double Harmonic

R

b2

3

4

5

b6

7

 

Egyptian

R

2

4

5

b7

 

 

 

Eight Tone Spanish

R

b2

b2

3

4

b5

b6

b7

Enigmatic

R

b2

3

b5

b6

b7

7

 

Hindu

R

2

3

4

5

b6

b7

 

Hirajoshi

R

2

b3

5

b6

 

 

 

Hungarian Major

R

b3

3

#4

5

6

b7

 

Hungarian Minor

R

2

b3

#4

5

b6

7

 

Hungarian Gypsy

R

2

b3

#4

5

b6

7

 

Ichikosucho

R

2

3

4

b5

5

6

7

Kumoi

R

2

b3

5

6

 

 

 

Leading Whole Tone

R

2

3

b5

b6

b7

7

 

Lydian Diminished

R

2

b3

#4

5

6

7

 

Lydian Minor

R

2

3

#4

5

b6

b7

 

Mohammedan

R

2

b3

4

5

b6

7

 

Neopolitan

R

b2

b3

4

5

b6

7

 

Neopolitan Major

R

b2

b3

4

5

6

7

 

Neopolitan Minor

R

b2

b3

4

5

b6

b7

 

Overtone

R

2

3

#4

5

6

b7

 

Pelog

R

b2

b3

5

b6

 

 

 

Persian

R

b2

3

4

b5

b6

7

 

Prometheus

R

2

3

b5

6

b7

 

 

Prometheus Neopolitan

R

b2

3

b5

6

b7

 

 

Purvi Theta

R

b2

3

#4

5

b6

7

 

Six Tone Symmetrical

R

b2

3

4

#5

6

 

 

Todi Theta

R

b2

b3

#4

5

b6

7

 

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